NIH to Fund Ultrasound Device for Pain That Received Positive Reviews on “Shark Tank”
The National Institutes of Health (NIH), as part of its new program within the NIH Blueprint for Neuroscience Research, called Blueprint MedTech, has awarded a one-year, $100,000 award to researchers to further develop a focused ultrasound device to provide non-invasive, non-opiod neuropathic pain treatment.
The researchers from Florida Atlantic University, in collaboration with Albany Medical College (AMC) in New York, are among seven institutions nationwide selected to receive funding from the NIH for their innovative pilot projects to enable new medical devices to diagnose and treat both acute and chronic disorders from neuropathic pain to mental illness. The seven projects selected for the pilot phase for funding by the NIH all received successful reviews from ABC’s “Shark Tank.”
Along with funding, MedTech will provide an array of specialized support from mentors who bring decades of experience commercializing neurotechnology devices. Project teams will learn to navigate business, manufacturing and regulatory aspects of developing their respective technologies, and prepare to build human-grade prototypes. While the science supporting each technology has met rigorous standards, clinical studies will be needed prior to their authorization for use in patients.
The FAU/AMC project is titled “External Low-intensity Focused Ultrasound Device for Treatment of Neuropathic Pain.” Focused ultrasound is a noninvasive therapeutic technique that directs ultrasonic waves to a speciﬁc location. For the project, researchers are developing a handheld probe to provide a noninvasive, non-opioid-based treatment for aggravated chronic pain, also referred to as neuropathic pain, for use in a physician’s ofﬁce or potentially even at home.
The device directs low-intensity ultrasound at the dorsal root ganglia – small bundles of nerves along the spine that control pain signals reaching the spinal cord. Neuropathic pain occurs if the nervous system is damaged or not working correctly. Pain is felt from any of the various levels of the nervous system from the peripheral nerves to the spinal cord and the brain.
“Pain is one of the most common reasons patients seek medical care. Importantly, neuropathic pain, when treated with opioid-based drugs, has led to addiction in some patients,” said Julie Pilitsis, MD, PhD, FAU’s principal investigator, dean and vice president for medical affairs in the Schmidt College of Medicine. “In addition to medications such as opioids, traditional treatment of pain also involves physical therapy and steroid injections. However, adverse effects and tolerance occur with many of these therapies and a signiﬁcant number of patients remain in pain. There is a great unmet need to provide more effective, safer and ﬁnancially sustainable therapies for patients in pain.”
The handheld applicator under development integrates ultrasound imaging and therapy and is designed to accommodate differences in human anatomical size. As a result, the treatment device and methodology will provide means for precise treatment of back and leg pain.
“It is the noninvasive aspect and all-in-one nature of our device that is highly signiﬁcant as an advancement in treatment of neuropathic pain,” said Dr Pilitsis. “The cost of pain therapies and missed wages secondary to pain results in about $536 million dollars spent each year. Ideally, with this therapy, patients can avoid hospitalization and days off work by reducing pain and enabling function.”
Over the last eight years, the FAU/AMC researchers have shown efﬁcacy of low intensity focused ultrasound in alerting nociceptive responses related to the perception or sensation of pain in multiple pain models over multiple species in both sexes and with repeated treatments.
As part of this new project, Dr Pilitsis and collaborators will conduct a small pilot study to show safety and feasibility of the low-intensity focused ultrasound device. After obtaining an Investigational Device Exemption from the US FDA and Institutional Review Board approvals, researchers will recruit patients from Boca Raton with lower extremity pain for the pilot study.